!Header Content 1

Arch Creek Animal Clinic
Call us today! 305-945-1223
Give us a call today! 305-945-1223

15372 W Dixie Hwy, 
North Miami Beach,
FL 33162

Meet The Pug

October 1 2021

Dogs come in all shapes and sizes. It doesn’t matter if they’re sleek, fluffy, big, or small: we love all of them! The pug is one of the most beloved and unique-looking pups out there. Fido’s cute face and expressive eyes have definitely earned him some very loyal fans! In this article, a local veterinarian talks about this cute pup.


Originally, pugs were bred as companion dogs for ancient Chinese nobles. They were the favored pets of several Emperors. As you might expect, being the Emperor’s top dog is a pretty sweet gig. Those lucky pugs had completely luxurious lives, even having their own guards. Buddhist monks also kept them as pets in Tibet. Pugs were brought to Europe in the 16th century. Unsurprisingly they soon charmed everyone. The famous painter, Goya, used pugs in his paintings. In Italy, pugs were allowed to ride in the front seats of private carriages, often dressed in tiny replicas of their coachmen’s outfit. Queen Victoria also had an affinity for pugs. These little dogs even became the official dog of the House Of Orange. There’s an interesting story behind that one: a pug alerted his owner, the Prince of Orange, that assassins were approaching, thereby saving his life. (We’re assuming he got lots of bacon and belly rubs after that.)


Pugs made it to the United States in the 19th century. In 1885, the AKC welcomed the pug into its ranks. In 1931, he got his own club: The Pug Dog Club Of America. In 1981, one pug, named Dhandys Favorite Woodchuck, took first prize at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show.


Pugs, being brachycephalic, have very short airways, and can easily get out of breath. You don’t want to overexert your pug, as this can cause respiratory distress. But, you also shouldn’t let him become a total couch potato. Too much inactivity can lead to obesity, which can cause or contribute to a plethora of health problems. Ask your vet for more information on caring for your little buddy.


Cute and cuddly, pugs are often referred to by the phrase Multum in parvo, which translates to ‘a lot of dog in a small space’ in pug Latin. Although stubborn, pugs are rarely aggressive, and they tend to be incredibly patient with children. Although playful, they take nap time very seriously. Pugs are known for sticking close to their humans, a trait which often leads to them being referred to as shadows.

Our Advice on Meet The Pug in 2024

What are the unique physical challenges of pugs?

Pugs face unique physical challenges primarily due to their brachycephalic nature, characterized by their short snouts and compact airways. This anatomical structure makes them prone to respiratory difficulties, leading to challenges with breathing, especially during exercise or in hot weather. Their distinctive facial folds require regular cleaning to prevent infections. Additionally, pugs are susceptible to obesity, further exacerbating respiratory issues and potentially leading to a range of other health problems. Proper care and regular veterinary check-ups are essential to manage these challenges and ensure a healthy life for pugs.

What are the typical personality traits of a pug?

Pugs are renowned for their engaging personalities, encapsulating the Latin phrase “Multum in parvo,” meaning “a lot of dog in a small space.” These compact canines exhibit a blend of charm, stubbornness, and playfulness, yet are seldom aggressive. They are particularly known for their patience with children and their affinity for nap time, treating it with utmost seriousness. A defining trait of pugs is their loyalty; they often stick closely to their human companions, earning them the affectionate nickname “shadows” due to their constant presence by their owner’s side.

What are the specific health concerns associated with pugs?

Pugs are particularly prone to several health concerns due to their unique physical structure. Their brachycephalic condition, characterized by a short muzzle, leads to respiratory challenges and difficulty regulating body temperature, making them susceptible to overheating. Obesity is a common issue that can exacerbate these respiratory problems and contribute to joint stress and heart disease. Pugs also require regular care for their facial folds to prevent infections. Eye issues are another concern due to their prominent eyes. At our veterinary clinic in North Miami Beach, FL, we offer specialized care and advice for pug owners to address and manage these health concerns effectively.

How much exercise does a pug typically need?

Pugs require moderate exercise to maintain their health and prevent obesity, a common issue within the breed. Given their brachycephalic nature, it’s important to avoid overexertion, which can lead to respiratory distress. A daily regimen of short, leisurely walks combined with playtime indoors is ideal. Exercise sessions should be kept brief and conducted during cooler parts of the day to prevent overheating. Regular, moderate activity not only supports their physical health but also aids in mental stimulation, keeping them happy and engaged.

Are there grooming requirements specific to pugs?

Yes, pugs have specific grooming needs due to their unique physical traits. Their short coat requires regular brushing to minimize shedding and maintain skin health. A crucial aspect of their grooming involves cleaning the facial folds; these areas can harbor bacteria and yeast, leading to infections if not cleaned regularly. Additionally, their nails should be trimmed regularly to prevent overgrowth and discomfort. Eye care is also important, as pugs have prominent eyes that can be prone to irritation or injury. Regular grooming sessions help keep pugs healthy and comfortable.

Do you have questions about caring for pugs? Contact your local animal clinic in North Miami, FL!